Urgent Public Health Needs

The CTSA Program’s unique network of leading research centers helps the program respond quickly to urgent public health needs. The network works to swiftly increase scientific knowledge and turn it into health solutions for problems ranging from the opioid epidemic to infectious diseases, such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

March 2023

Rural Hospital Closures Put a Strain on Nearby Hospitals, Potentially Jeopardizing Access to Health Care in Rural Communities
CTSA Program–supported research reveals that rural hospital closures nationwide strain the ability of surrounding hospitals to care for the increase in patients. This ripple effect jeopardizes rural communities’ access to health care.

February 2023

Research Reveals Nationwide Spread of Potentially Life-Threatening Fungal Infections
CTSA Program–supported research found that three fungal infections spread outside their usual regions and now appear in at least half of the United States. These findings could speed recognition and treatment outside typical areas of infection.

New Study Finds Paxlovid Remains an Effective Treatment for COVID-19 Patients Infected With Omicron Variants
CTSA Program–supported research strongly suggests Paxlovid use can prevent hospitalization and death of patients who have recently been infected with Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variants. This study is of particular importance as clinicians struggle to maintain effective care options for high-risk COVID-19 patients.

September 2022

Previous Common Colds Could Boost Risks of More Severe COVID-19
Having a common cold caused by seasonal coronaviruses may cause immune distraction, making some people’s immune systems respond less effectively to SARS-CoV-2 infection and increase their risk of more severe COVID-19.

N3C Data Reveal More Severe COVID-19 Outcomes in Rural Communities
After examining patient health records from the National COVID Cohort Collaborative, researchers found that people with COVID-19 who live in rural areas are more likely to be hospitalized than those who live in urban areas.

June 2022

Study Finds Immune Dysfunction Is a Significant Risk Factor for COVID-19 Breakthrough Infection
The National COVID Cohort Collaborative Data Enclave helps researchers identify a link between COVID-19 breakthrough infections and people with abnormal or impaired immune systems.

January 2022

International Registry Reveals Risks COVID-19 Poses with Sickle Cell Disease
NCATS-funded CTSA Program researchers developed a collaborative registry that collects data on COVID-19 illness in people with sickle cell disease.

May 2022

Scientists Identify Characteristics to Better Define Long COVID
NIH-supported researchers analyzed an unprecedented collection of electronic health records in NCATS’ National COVID Cohort Collaborative Data Enclave to better identify common features of long COVID. 

Researchers Use Cutting-Edge EHR Data Resource to Find Risk Factors for Severe COVID-19 in Children
Researchers used data from NCATS’ National COVID Cohort Collaborative Data Enclave to discover why some children with COVID-19 developed a dangerous condition called multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, also known as MIS C.

April 2021

Large Clinical Trial to Study Repurposed Drugs to Treat COVID-19 Symptoms
The trial will test several existing drugs to see if they can provide safe, effective symptom relief and prevent hospitalization in people with mild to moderate COVID‑19. Two CTSA Program hubs served as coordinating centers and partner with the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute to expedite enrollment.

October 2020

NIH Begins Large Clinical Trial to Test Immune Modulators for Treatment of COVID-19
The CTSA Program played a key role in rapidly implementing a clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of immune modulator drugs in hospitalized adults with COVID-19. 

September 2020

NIH Expands Clinical Trials to Test Convalescent Plasma Against COVID-19
Two randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials funded by NIH are expanding enrollment to further evaluate convalescent plasma as a treatment for people hospitalized with COVID-19. The CTSA Program research network, including its Trial Innovation Network, played a key role in rapidly expanding enrollment in the trials.

June 2020

NIH Launches Analytics Platform to Harness Nationwide COVID-19 Patient Data to Speed Treatments
NIH launched a centralized, secure enclave to store and study vast amounts of medical record data from people diagnosed with coronavirus disease across the country. It is part of an effort, called the National COVID Cohort Collaborative, to help scientists analyze these data to understand the disease and develop treatments.

March 2019

Opioids Increase the Risk of Pneumonia
Research, supported in part by the CTSA Program, suggests that opioids can increase a person’s risk for pneumonia that is severe enough to warrant hospitalization.