Matrix Combination Screening
We use matrix combination screening technology to quickly narrow down a long list of potential drug combinations and find those with the most potential to help patients.
About Matrix Combination Screening
Often, current medical treatments for a variety of diseases — including cancer, tuberculosis and brain disorders — involve administering more than just one drug, an approach known as combination therapy. Thousands of approved and investigational drugs can be combined in millions of possible pairings and dose variations. Clinicians often must make decisions based on trial and error, which is not optimal for the patient or the clinician.
With an increasing number of approved and investigational drugs, the discovery of novel drug combinations through clinical trial-and-error is not feasible. To address this inefficiency, our Chemistry Technology team uses matrix combination screening. This platform enables our scientists to quickly narrow down a long list of potential drug combinations and find those with the most potential to help patients.
Our matrix combination screening platform can rapidly test the effect of different drug combinations on cellular, molecular or biochemical processes that are relevant to a disease of interest. The Chemistry Technology team screens the best pairs to find the optimal concentration of each drug and learn more about their effect on cells, such as whether that combination is toxic. Scientists can use the results of these screens to pursue testing of promising drug combinations in animals and, ultimately, humans.
Through matrix combination screening, we aim to identify new drug combinations and prioritize highly effective drug combinations for translation into clinical trials and novel therapeutic regimens for patients.
Matrix Screening Program Goals
Through matrix combination screening, we aim to identify new drug combinations and to prioritize highly effective drug combinations for translation into clinical trials and novel therapeutic regimens for patients.
Specific objectives include:
- Repositioning of approved and investigational drugs in the context of combination regimens for cancer treatment; Comparing the drug-combination landscape of 30 cancer cell line models (>8,000 combination per cell line) to generate predictive models of drug-drug interactions; and
- Integrating the small-molecule vulnerabilities uncovered via the matrix screening platform with genetic dependencies identified by RNA interference or CRISPR screening to identify the molecular determinants of specific drug-response “signatures;” and Integrating biologics (antibodies, recombinant proteins, etc.) into the matrix screening platform.
Matrix Program News
Work With Us
NCATS' combination screening platform experts regularly collaborate with basic researchers and clinical investigators inside and outside NIH on an as-needed basis.
Learn more about the matrix combination screening platform as well as the matrix’s scientific capabilities.
Assay Development and Screening Technology (ADST)
Our automation experts work closely with our lab scientists to support various research activities, including high-throughput screening, and assay development and optimization.
Our chemistry technology experts develop small molecules and screening methods that can be used by other scientists to drive innovations in therapeutic development.
Tissue Chip for Drug Screening
This program develops and tests the use of human cell-based models for predicting drug safety and toxicity before clinical testing in people.